【本期主题】 THE IMPACT OF PARENTAL MIGRATION ON THE LEFT-BEHIND CHILDREN’S SCHOOL ENROLLMENT IN RURAL CHINA
In this paper, I examine the impact of migration by rural men on the educational attainment of their left-behind children in rural China. Paternal migration is measured by their migratory duration. Using survey data collected from six provinces in China, I found that in households with non-migrant mothers, fathers’migration has a negative effect on the left-behind children’s school enrollment, and this effect is more significant and larger on boys than on girls. Medium and long-term migrations (more than 2 years) have the most significant effect. To the contrary of common belief, paternal migration before the birth of the child has a significant negative effect on the left-behind children’s school enrollment. Paternal migration after the child reach school age also has a significant negative effect on the child’s school enrollment, but paternal migration during the child is between the age of zero and six has a significant positive effect on the child’s school enrollment. I provide a possible explanation for this pattern of the effects. These findings contribute in two ways to our understanding of the impact of parental migration on the left-behind children. First, they show that the effects differ by the gender of the child, and therefore, pooling children together may mask the true effect. Second, they suggest that the effects differ by the age stage of the child, and thus one should be aware of these different effects and be cautious when making policy suggestions.
Sophie Wang （中央财经大学）
中央财经大学中国人力资本与劳动经济研究中心助理教授。毕业于Simon Fraser University获经济学博士学位。2012年进入中央财经大学执教研究领域包括Applied Microeconomics, Applied Econometrics, Development Economics, Computational Economics。在 International Journal of Management and Marketing Research 等英文期刊发表过学术论文。
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